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‘Going to’ and ‘Gonna’ – How and When to Use Relaxed Pronunciation in English (AJ #12)

AJ12 - Gonna vs Going to Image

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In episode 12 of Ask Jack, I answer a question on ‘gonna’ and ‘going to’ and when to use relaxed pronunciation when speaking English.

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Transcript

Hello! This is Jack from To Fluency and in this episode of Ask Jack we’re going to talk about Relaxed Pronunciation. So, here is the question. Leonardo from Brazil asks, “When can I use ‘gonna’ instead of ‘going to’ with confidence?”

Thank you for this question, Leonardo. Now, ‘gonna’ is the relaxed pronunciation for ‘going to’ and it is mainly used in informal situations. So, if you’re in a job interview then it might not be best to use this or if you’re giving a presentation, for example.

But, there are many other examples of this relaxed pronunciation and I want you to know that it is really common. You’re going to hear it a lot on everyday English. So, ‘want to’ becomes ‘wanna’, ‘ought to’ becomes ‘oughta’ or we have ‘could have’, ‘should have’, ‘would have’ becomes ‘coulda’, ‘shoulda’, ‘woulda’ and there are many more examples of this.

Now, your question is ‘how much confidence should I have about using this’, you know, should I use this when I’m speaking English? And, my answer is that it depends – it depends on the situation that you’re in and it also depends on your level of English. If you have a lower level, then don’t try to force this. Don’t try to use it because you think other people use it. But, if when you’re speaking and it sounds natural to you and you’re speaking at a pace which is going to use this type of relaxed pronunciation and also you’re in a situation where it makes sense then you can use it.

But, my best advice is to know what it means. When you’re listening to English, it can be difficult because of things like relaxed pronunciation. So, knowing this exists, knowing how this is used, it is really going to help. But, when it comes to you using it, don’t force it. Let it come naturally. Let it come when you feel it’s the right thing to do.

So, I hope that has answered your question. My question for this video is this, “What are you going to do after this video?” What are you going to do after this video? So, thanks for watching and I’ll see you next time.

Q: When can I use ‘gonna” instead of ‘going to’ with confidence?

“Gonna’ is short for going to. Native speakers use this in everyday English situations.

There are other examples too: ‘Want to’ becomes ‘wanna’. ‘Ought to’ becomes ‘oughta’. ‘Could have’ becomes ‘coulda’. ‘Would have’ becomes ‘woulda’. And ‘should have’ becomes ‘shoulda’.

This is mainly used in informal situations. If it feels like a situation in which you can use it, and if you speak fairly fluently, try it.

But don’t force it. There is no need to use it.

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